Their incredible size continues to impress millions of visitors each year,
as they struggle to comprehend how three kings, Khafre, Khufu, and Menkaure,
could have constructed such huge structures so long ago.
Despite their fame, the Giza Pyramids represent only a short moment in the long history of Ancient Egypt.
All three great pyramids, as well as the secondary pyramids next to them, were built
during the 4th dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. The Old Kingdom
(c. 2686—2181 BC) was the first of the three major eras of Ancient Egypt’s history.
Archaeologists believe that the 4th dynasty (c. 2613—2493 BC) was the ‘golden age’
of the Old Kingdom because of the size and quality of the pyramids that were built during this time at Giza.
Subsequent pyramids did not come close to rivaling the size or quality
of construction of these huge structures. The huge blocks of limestone used in
construction have stood the test of time much better than any of the other pyramids
(and there are over 100) built before or after them.
Although they dominate the view, the pyramids are not the only site to see
on the Giza Necropolis. Like the other pyramid fields in Egypt, the sites were used
for less significant burials as well. The tombs of nobles have also excavated on the
site and there is a Valley Temple, the processional entrance to the pyramids,
associated with each structure.
In addition, you can visit the Solar Boat Museum, to understand how the pharaohs’
bodies were transported to this site by boat thousands of years ago. Lastly,
it is impossible to forget the giant statue of the Great Sphinx. This great sculpture
has guarded the site of the Giza Pyramids for nearly 5000 years.