Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt The time of the old kingdom of ancient

Egypt is considered the starting point of one of history’s greatest miracles.

Between 2686-2181 BCE, from the third dynasty to the sixth dynasty,

the golden age of the pyramids began and Egypt reached the highest peak

of artistry and intelligence as it shows in the three great pyramids of Giza and

the Sphinx which was built during this era, also which you can visit during

your Egypt tours. Most of the information we acquired like the Pharaoh’s names,

dates and important events were literally inscribed on a stone-like the walls

of the mortuary temples and the Pyramid Texts that shed some light on their

religious beliefs during the old kingdom of ancient Egypt. It is known to be

a period of stability, centralized government, order, and progress under the

guidance of goddess Maat which led to the construction of magical monuments

that stood the test of time but that didn’t last for long as it was followed by

a period of cultural decline, social unrest, and conflict called the first intermediate

the period until the rise of the twelfth dynasty who created the middle kingdom.

The Beginning

Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The person who rolled the wheel of progress was pharaoh Djoser of the 3rd

dynasty (2630-2611 B.C.E) who ordered the construction of the step pyramid

of Saqqara in Memphis from his vizier and main architect Imhotep (2667-2600 BCE)

who revolutionized the art of architecture and construction in Egypt by

building the tomb of Saqqara in the shape of a complex with a stone pyramid

and surrounded by temples, all made out of stone instead of the usual mud

bricks as Imhotep wanted his king Djoser to have an ever-lasting memorial,

thus creating a frenzy of pyramid building that led to the majestic Giza pyramid complex.

The Greatest Monuments of Egypt Old Kingdom

The old kingdom of ancient Egypt reached its highest summit of prosperity

and royal power thanks to the irrigation of the Nile, fertile land, the existence

of a huge labor power and materials that resulted in a flourishing state of commerce

and trade which led Pharaoh Sneferu of the fourth dynasty (2575-2551 B.C.E)

to use an unbelievable amount of stones than any other pharaoh to construct

many failed pyramids except for the small red pyramid in Dashur. Sneferu may

have failed in constructing immortal pyramids but his son Khufu (2551-2528 B.C.E)

was successful in creating the tallest construction until the late nineteenth century.

After his death, his son Khafra (2520-2494 B.C.E) completed his legacy

by constructing the second pyramid and the glorious Sphinx in the image

of his face Khufu, then came Menkaura (2494-2472 B.C.E) the last king

of the fourth dynasty who built the smallest pyramids of the three thus completing the whole set.

The Governmental Structure of the Old Kingdom

Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The old kingdom is famous for having a very organized central government

in the capital Memphis that controlled the independent states of the country

called districts, they had a sophisticated central administration divided into

ministries governed by a vizier who in most cases was a royal prince.

The country and public were controlled by the belief that the pharaoh is

a god who should be worshiped as he is the one who ensured the annual

floods of the Nile and the pharaoh worked on bringing unity to the people

and stability to the cycles of time. The pharaoh’s divinity was the central

the focus of the political system all of the above was under the watch of principles

and universal laws of Maat as it states that the ruler holds the responsibility

to maintain justice, stability, and common good for all. At the end of the era

of the Old Kindom of ancient Egypt, many famines happened which resulted

in blaming the pharaoh for breaking the laws of Maat which led Egypt to

divide and put a rest to the flourishing days of the old kingdom.

The Ending of Old Kingdom Egypt

Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt

The final days of the old kingdom of ancient Egypt filled with civil wars

between governors and rise of the power level of the priesthood which

destroyed any kind of central authority and unity. The economy of the

the country still damaged because of all of Khufu’s massive constructions and

the climate shift that prevented the usual flooding of the Nile led to decades

of famine and never-ending conflicts during the first intermediate.

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