Who is Queen Hatshepsut?
Queen Hatshepsut whose name means “Foremost of Noble Women”
is one of the greatest rulers of ancient Egypt; she was the fifth pharaohs
of the 18th dynasty. In 1508 BC, Hatshepsut was born to King Thutmose
I and his wife Queen Ahmose to be his elder daughter and her grandfather,
King Ahmose. She ruled beside her father despite the ancient Egyptian rejecting
the notion of women ruling them and learned a great deal from him which would
explain how she became one of the most successful rulers in the history of ancient Egypt.
How She Got The Throne of Egypt?
Queen Hatshepsut’s reign as the Queen started when she married her half-brother
Thutmose II in 1492 BC was the son of Thutmose I from a minor wife lady Mutnofret.
He was a man of weak character and poor health, so Hatshepsut ruled Egypt in the
name of the King as his wife. Hatshepsut had only one daughter from her husband
Thutmose II Neferu-Ra. Hatshepsut was elevated to the stature of God’s Wife of Amun,
the second-highest position for a woman in ancient Egypt after the Queen.
Hatshepsut was preparing herself to be the pharaoh after her husband died but after
Thutmose II death, the Egyptians rejected the idea of the women ruling them as
a Queen, so they made Thutmose III the king who was only two years old at the
time and Hatshepsut ruled as regent to her step-son. Thutmose III was the son
of Thutmose II from his minor wife Isis. Hatshepsut had influential supporters including
Senenmut her chief minister, helped her to be the true pharaoh with the full authority
of a king, orders to be portrayed with a beard and muscles and appeared in traditional female regalia.
the era was prosperous & peaceful as she made friendships with
neighboring countries using trade with the help of great ships, she sent many of
the seaborne trading expeditions to the kingdom of a punt and to the Atlantic
The ocean returned with gold, baboons, myrrh, ebony, wild animals, and more treasures.
She also sent many military campaigns to Syria and Nubia. she made her step-son
Thutmose III a leader in many campaigns, protecting the country and expanding
the Egyptian empire, while she managed the affairs of the country, she married him
to her daughter Neferu-Ra who given the title of God’s Wife of Amun.
achievement of Queen Hatshepsut
Queen Hatshepsut sought to immortalize her legacy by constructing a number
of incredible constructions like all the great Egyptian Pharaohs. she ordered the
build of a temple at Deir El-Bahri which is considered
beautiful temple in the world designed by her chief minister Senenmut.
The Hatshepsut temple is a perfect enchanting example of ancient Egyptian
classical architecture and holds truly majestic carvings and artworks. The temple
honors the gods especially the creator God Amun. She orders the construction of
most of the obelisks located in the El-Karnak temple plus she remodeled the hypostyle
hall of her father and added two Obelisks. The marvelous unfinished obelisk was
ordered by construction and was able to reveal a great deal about the construction methods of that era.
How Did Queen Hatshepsut Die?
She died in 1458 BC while she was in her mid-40s; she died from an abscess
following tooth extraction and also severed from diabetes plus bone cancer
in her last days. She resizes her father’s tomb so they buried with her father in Valley of the Kings.