The Hyksos Invasion

The Hyksos Invasion. The new kingdom of Egypt a.k.a the Egyptian Empire (1570–1070 B.C.E) is without

a doubt the most popular time period in the history of ancient Egypt that spans from

the 16th century to the 11th century B.C most of the ruler’s entire history and tombs

have been located such as Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, Akhenaten

and his wife Nefertiti, Ahmose I, Tutankhamun, and Ramses II. After the

Hyksos took over in the second intermediate period, the Egyptian rulers

understood the importance of having strong borders so during this period most

of the rulers worked on expanding their territory to the fullest and building a true

empire protected by a powerful army. Many battles took place in this era for the

The Hyksos Invasion

hopes of expanding their empire as this time period reached a primal level in

wealth and power, there was also a huge religious shift during this time as

monotheism and it also saw an end to the central authority. The New Kingdom

Egypt ended with the beginning of the third intermediate period and many futures

threats from all directions such as the Hush from the south and the Assyrians from

the north and was followed by the rule of many foreign dynasties like the Nubian

dynasty in 25th century BC, The Persian dynasty from the 27th to the 30th century

BCE, Alexander the great, and many more.

The Hyksos Invasion

These pharaohs have created many temples and tombs that you can explore

during your Egypt tours, so we have well-created breathtaking Egypt tour packages

and Nile cruises can’t be missed, check them if you plan a magical vacation in Egypt.

The New Kingdom of Egypt Facts

The Hyksos Invasion

The true glory of the new kingdom of Egypt started in the 18th century at

the hands of Ahmose I ( 1550-1525 BC ) who sought out to avenge his family

and liberate his country from the Hyksos and uniting his country into one

complete empire under the Theban rule. He worked on restoring all of

Egypt territories of Canaan and Nubia, create a buffer zone to prevent any

future invasions and put the unified country of Egypt on a course into becoming

a powerful empire by reorganizing the administration of management, establishing

mines and trade routes and constructing massive architecture projects.

The Hyksos Invasion

His successor Amunhotep I ( 1526–1506 BC ) continued his legacy by making

Egypt part of the ancient club of great powers with Babylon, the Hittite,

and Mitanni which Egypt had trade and diplomatic relations. He was followed by

Thutmose I ( 1506–1493 BC ) where Egyptian power and wealth reached their climax.

Then came Queen Hatshepsut (1479 – 1458 BC) one of the most successful

pharaohs in ancient Egyptian history as she the longest-reigning female pharaoh

in Egypt for 20 years and for sending an expedition to the land of Punt which it

became a trade partner. After she came to the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt

Thutmose III ( 1479–1425 BC ) expanded the Egyptian Empire to the

highest levels of power and wealth and achieved great success which made

it easy for all the future generations of pharaohs to drive this empire into true greatness.

His army is also highly skilled and powerful as It shows in the battle of Megiddo.

The New Kingdom Egypt Art and Achievements

The Hyksos Invasion

One of the most pharaohs in The 18th dynasty or possibly in ancient Egyptian

in general, is Amenhotep IV who changed his to Akhenaten to honor his god

Aten and his beautiful wife Nefertiti, he was the first practitioner of monotheism

(The Worship of the One God) and under the fourth year of his reign Egyptian Art

like literature, music, drama, and sculpture flourished to an unprecedented level

of realism. After his death came his son Tutankhamen( 1333–1324 BC )who was

worshiped like a god and died at a very young age of 18, Then comes the time of

Ramesses II “The Great” (1279-1213 BC ) worked a retrieving all of Egypt

territories in the Levant, one of his most famed battles is the battle of Kadesh

The Hyksos Invasion

against the Hittite in the first recorded military ambush and resulted in

the signing of the first recorded peace treaty, all this information was inscribed on

his temple wall in the majestic Abu Simbel temple. He had many wives and a

a massive number of children, one of them is Ramesses III who is most famous

for fighting the sea people in the battle of djahy.

The Final Days of the New Kingdom Egypt

After the third intermediate period came thus ending the glory days of the

new kingdom Egypt where the high priests of AMUN took control, weakening

the central authority. All that led to the end of the entire Pharaoh dynasty

when the Egyptian Empire fall at the Persian empire in the battle of pelsuim

thus beginning a new era of foreign rule.

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