Sultan Hassan Mosque

Sultan Hassan Mosque Cairo  the city of minarets and the home to one

of the biggest collection of marvelous mosques, one of which the Mosque-

Madrassa of Sultan Hassan has a great power to turn heads as it’s known

one of the most beautiful Islamic structures in the world due to its ability

to combine a multiplicity of decorations in the most elegant and magical way.

Sultan Hassan mosque

regarded as the finest example of early Mamluk architecture

in Cairo as it was built by Sultan an-Nasir Hassan between 1356 A.D AND 1363 A.D.

Sultan Hassan Mosque and Madrassa considered one of the most important and

impressive historical monuments in all of Cairo to this current day. It is very colossal

with 150m in length and covering 7,906 sq M of land and its walls rise to 36M high.

It’s rumored that the construction was so expensive, it nearly emptied the Mamluk

Treasury and the builders even used stones from Giza pyramids.

The Architecture of Sultan Hassan Mosque

The mosque style of architecture pretty unique as it designed in the form

of a Madrassa (school). The design of the decorations known to be very well

-organized and systematic in a fashionable manner. Sultan Hassan mosque

consists of a central open courtyard in the middle of which a breathtaking

ablutions fountain which probably added during the Ottoman era.

The central courtyard

is surrounded by four soaring Liwans (teaching areas),

skillfully fitted between and behind each Liwan is a madrasa, complete with its

own courtyard and four stories of chambers for students and teachers.

The Liwans  dedicated to teaching each of the four main Sunni schools

of Islamic jurisprudence which  Hanafi, Malaki, Hanbali, and Sha

 

Components of Sultan Hassan Mosque

Sultan Hassan also built a mausoleum for himself which did not used, behind the

largest Liwan which included a number of splendors of Islamic art for its walls

which  paneled with colored stone and marble, the upper parts of it boasts a

band of stucco decoration, that consists of an inscription based on Qur’anic

verses in “Kufic” script on a floriated background, the style of which  rarely

seen and also contain the marble mihrab and the minibar. The mausoleum

beautifully decorated as its door  made of bronze and carries radiating

Sultan Hassan Mosque

stars in gold and silver, The marble mihrab in its embellished with detailed

geometric decoration in marble mosaic and its dome supported on

stalactite pendentives which look very beautiful in the morning time.

It’s designed to face Mecca, so the prayers had to face the empty

mausoleum every time they faced the qibla which considered to very abnormal.

Any tourist may confuse it with Al-Rifa’ I Mosque which built in 1912 as an imitation of this amazing monument.

Tours to Sultan Hassan Mosque

You can visit this marvelous Islamic monument during your Cairo tours,

or you can check our Egypt private tours to enjoy visiting the mosque mixed

by all the historical landmarks and pharaonic treasures in the immortal cities

of Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, and Aswan accompanied by a private Egyptologist tour guide.