Edfu temple

The Temple of Horus at Edfu is widely considered to be the most

impressive of all of the Nile-side temples along the journey between Luxor and Aswan.

It is a required stop by all of the cruise ships that make the trip, also stopping at Esna and Kom Ombo.

Like at Esna, the temple at Edfu is a late construction.Edfu temple

It was built during the Greco-Roman Period, but the builders painstakingly preserved the form.

of Egypt’s true pharaohs. As a result, a visit to Edfu allows you to see what all

of the other ruined temples around Egypt might have looked like had they been built 2000 years later.

The Temple of Horus is located in the center of the town of Edfu. By the 19th century,

the village extended into the temple with some houses actually standing

on the roof of the sand-filled temple. Now the buildings have been cleared away.

but the excavation is still very evident since the surrounding buildings

look down into the temple complex, which is several meters below the modern ground level.

Edfu temple

Edfu temple

The temple is very complete, including a pylon that was built by Cleopatra’s father.

in the first century BC. which leads to a peristyle court and then a hypostyle

hall that precedes the sanctuary of Horus, the ultimate and most important part

of the temple. All of this replicates the standard layout of a New Kingdom pylon temple.

the ruins of which can be seen at many other sights around Luxor and along the Nile Valley.

The Temple of Horus at Edfu is by far the most complete example of this architectural style.


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