Who is King Chephren?
King Chephren King Khafre A.K.A king Chephren is one of the most important kings of the
4th dynasty kings in Ancient Egyptian History. He is the Son of King Khufu the
builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. He ruled Egypt from 2558 B.C to 2532
B.C during the old kingdom (2686-2150 BC). His name means “The Appearing
of Ra“, He had many wives but his main wife was Queen Mereceankh and 12 sons
and 3 daughters. He desired to continue his father’s legacy so he constructed the
second largest Pyramid at the Giza Complex. He also constructed the great Valley temple and the legendary Sphinx.
Pyramid of Chephren
The second pyramid of the Giza complex was constructed during the 4th dynasty
in 2540 BC. The Egyptian name of the pyramid is “Wer(en)-Khafre” which means
“Khafre Is Great“. It was constructed out of Tura limestone blocks each weighing
two tons with some pink granite slabs in the inner structure which reaches the
height of 136.4 (448 ft.) on a base of 215.5 m (706 ft.).
The Great Sphinx of Chephren
The Sphinx of King Chephren
Next to the Valley temple, there is the Great Sphinx which is a mythological
creature with a body of a lion and a human face and it has been built to guard
the area and protect it from tombs of robbers. it stands at the height of 240 ft.
(73 m) long and 66 ft. (20 m). Its believed to holds the face of Khafre king
Kefren and can found within the plateau in front of the great second pyramid.
The Sphinx surrounded by many questions, mysteries, and a number
of unanswered questions about its true age, origin, and purpose.
The Valley Temple of Chephren
The blocks of the Valley Temple made of Red Granite and still remain
in a very good state of preservation until today. Also, there are big statues of
King Chephren that have been discovered at The Valley temple and they are
now located at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, those statues made out of
Diorite is a very hard material to carve and all statues are protecting
the main deity during the ancient Egyptian period.