King Chephren

Who is King Chephren?

King Chephren King Khafre A.K.A king Chephren is one of the most important kings of the

4th dynasty kings in Ancient Egyptian History. He is the Son of King Khufu the

builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. He ruled Egypt from 2558 B.C to 2532

B.C during the old kingdom (2686-2150 BC). His name means “The Appearing

of Ra“, He had many wives but his main wife was Queen Mereceankh and 12 sons

and 3 daughters. He desired to continue his father’s legacy so he constructed the

second largest Pyramid at the Giza Complex. He also constructed the great Valley temple and the legendary Sphinx.

Pyramid of Chephren

The second pyramid of the Giza complex was constructed during the 4th dynasty

in 2540 BC. The Egyptian name of the pyramid is “Wer(en)-Khafre” which means

“Khafre Is Great“. It was constructed out of Tura limestone blocks each weighing

two tons with some pink granite slabs in the inner structure which reaches the

height of 136.4 (448 ft.) on a base of 215.5 m (706 ft.).

The Great Sphinx of Chephren

The Sphinx of King Chephren

Next to the Valley temple, there is the Great Sphinx which is a mythological

creature with a body of a lion and a human face and it has been built to guard

the area and protect it from tombs of robbers. it stands at the height of 240 ft.

(73 m) long and 66 ft. (20 m). Its believed to holds the face of Khafre king

Kefren and can found within the plateau in front of the great second pyramid.

The Sphinx surrounded by many questions, mysteries, and a number

of unanswered questions about its true age, origin, and purpose.

The Valley Temple of Chephren

The blocks of the Valley Temple made of Red Granite and still remain

in a very good state of preservation until today. Also, there are big statues of

King Chephren that have been discovered at The Valley temple and they are

now located at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, those statues made out of

Diorite is a very hard material to carve and all statues are protecting

the main deity during the ancient Egyptian period.