Alexandria “The Mediterranean Pearl”
The city of Alexandria got the biggest role in ancient history as it was associated
with famous rulers like Alexander the Great and Cleopatra, the last active Pharaoh
of Ancient Egypt. The city was responsible for transmitting Hellenic culture to the
rest of the Mediterranean after it was built by Alexander the great himself in 332 BC to
the center of the Hellenistic civilization. It served as the capital of Egypt during
the Ptolemaic. Roman, and Byzantine for about a thousand-year until the Muslim
conquest in 641 AD where the official capital became the city of Fustat.
The city also acts as the second largest city after Cairo with a population
of 3.5 million people on a 2,679 km². Alexandria’s location extends 32 km on
the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and is 138 km (114 mi) northwest of Cairo
on the western edge of the Nile Delta. it also enjoys a wonderful climate with
warm humid summer and rainy winters throughout the year. It accounts for
two-fifths of the country’s industrial production and acts as a cultural stage for art and beauty.
History and Attractions/Alexandria
Alexandria a popular tourist destination because of the unbelievable number
of monuments and levels of greatness and allure. Its constructed in 331 BCE
by Alexander the great in a village called Racotis during his visit to Amun Temple
in Siwa. He ordered his chief architect Dinocrates to build a city that will reflect
his vision and immortalize his legacy. Its quite famous for once containing the
Legendary Lighthouse of Alexandria a.k.a Pharos of Alexandria that built
during the Ptolemaic dynasty in 280 BC at the height of 120-137 m (394-449 ft)
which became the second tallest construction after the pyramids. Unfortunately.
it destroyed by a series of earthquakes in 1303 and 1323 AD, and in the same location
using the remaining blocks of the lighthouse in 1477 AD the powerful citadel of Quitbey
constructed to protect the city from any foreign Navel attack. The city also houses
the enchanting Catacombs which a final resting place for a greek Nobel family
during the` Greco-roman period which is very praised for perfectly
combining Greek and ancient Egyptian art in the finest possible manner.
Alexandria Famous with
Alexandria famous back in the day for containing various ethnic groups
like the largest Jewish community in the world at that time and the first Greek
translation of the Hebrew holy Book. In the ancient library of Alexandria the
source of enlightenment and a center for art and science across the Mediterranean
as it contained millions of scrolls and books on every possible subject.
constructed in the 3rd century BC in the Ptolemaic dynasty, in the reign
of Ptolemy II between 285-246 BC, it’s destroyed by a fire in 48 BC and in
2002 a new library by the name of Bibliotheca Alexandria constructed
to commemorate its memory and keep the spirit of the original ancient library alive.
Alexandria lays the pillar of Pompey which is the largest construction of the kind
to build outside the imperial capitals of Rome which represents the level of wealth
and power Alexandria enjoyed under Roman rule. The Serum of Alexandria
which an ancient Greek temple constructed by Ptolemy III Euergetes (246-222 BCE)
during the Ptolemaic Kingdom west of the Alexandria library to honor the Greco-Roman
deity Serapis. The Islamic Rule didn’t leave any touches on the city of Alexandria
as the Mamluk and Fatimid dynasties spend most of their time in Cairo and settled
with transforming the city to a naval port and a shipping port, Plus there the
famous El-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque which located near the Citadel of Qaitbay,
built-in the honor of the 13th century Murcian Andalusi Sufi saint Abul Abbas al-Mursi.
When Alexandria fell under Ottoman rule, it lost all meaning to beauty, glory,
or elegance but in 1805 under the reign of Muhammad Ali, the city regained lost
allure and became of the world’s most attractive destinations.